Trees & Forest Conservation

If you’re looking for information about Trees & Forest Conservation, this is the place to find it.   For any of your tree related needs, please have a look at our Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) tab below or contact our Forestry division.

Forestry Services – Haldimand County Administration Building
53 Thorburn Street South, Cayuga ON N0A 1E0
Phone: (905) 318-5932, Ext. 6512 (Project Manager, Forestry)
Email: forestry@haldimandcounty.on.ca

In 2016, Haldimand County adopted a Forest Strategy and Management Plan (2016 – 2026).

This plan outlines the vision and strategy for managing the County’s urban forests. It explains what actions need to be completed and when they need to be completed so that the County can sustainably manage and protect our urban forests for the social, environment and economical benefits they provide to our community.

To find out more about the Forest Strategy and Management Plan for Haldimand County, please see the links below:

Final Summary Forest Strategy and Management Plan

Haldimand County Forest Strategy

Haldimand County Management Plan

Our forests on both public and private lands in Haldimand County provide many valuable community and environmental benefits like habitat for animals, forest products for humans, recreation, watershed protection, soil erosion prevention and mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration.

Haldimand County regulates the cutting, burning or destruction of trees in Woodlands on public and private property.  As a property owner it is your responsibility to abide by these regulations.  If you are planning to cut trees in a Woodlands or want to report the cutting of trees in a Woodlands please contact forestry@haldimandcounty.on.ca.  Please see the links below for information about the by-law.

Forest Conservation By-law

Notice of Intent

Application of Good Forestry Practice (Mixedwood Stand)

Application of Good Forestry Practice (Conifer Plantation)

Application of Minor Exception to By-law

For Haldimand County to effectively manage our urban forest it is important that we know the species of trees, number of trees and what maintenance is required to keep our trees healthy.  A tree inventory is an important tool to provide us with this information.

Haldimand County and its partners have used cutting edge technology to document and map the County-owned trees in Caledonia, Cayuga, Dunnville, Hagersville, Jarvis, Townsend as well as the hamlets and lakeside nodes found throughout Haldimand County.

County-owned trees are scheduled for maintenance based on recommendations provided by a Certified Arborist after they have completed an inspection of the tree.  If you have any general questions or concerns about a County owned tree please contact forestry@haldimandcounty.on.ca.

If there is an immediate emergency involving a fallen tree or broken branches blocking a roadway please contact:  Haldimand County Roads Operations (905) 318-5932.

Tree Marking

Trees that have been identified for maintenance by Haldimand County will be marked with green paint.

Haldimand County Pruning

Haldimand County Removal and Stump Grinding

Haldimand County Pruning Completed

Hydro One also uses paint to mark trees that are scheduled for maintenance on both public and private trees near hydro lines:

Hydro One Removal

Hydro One Removal

Hydro One Pruning

Spring tree planting program postponed due to COVID-19

In response to extended closures and the suspension of non-essential services by the Province of Ontario, our regular Spring Tree Planting Program will be postponed until at least August 31, 2020.

Trees are an important part of our natural and cultural landscape.  Trees provide aesthetic value, reduce airborne pollution, enhance water quality, prevent soil erosion, provide wildlife habitat, provide cooler air temperatures in the summer and sequester carbon.  Haldimand County recognizes these important benefits for our community and encourages planting trees and has four different tree planting programs.

Street Tree Planting

You can contact forestry staff to have a tree planted on public property (boulevard) in front or beside your house free of charge.  Forestry staff will arrange a site meeting with you at your property to review the proposed planting location, select the type of tree species to be planted and identify any potential restrictions to tree planting such as conflicts with hydro lines, sewer lines, water lines, sight lines and available planting space.  Suitable street tree species are listed in the Haldimand County Street Tree List.

Spring Planting (April-June)

Applications must be received before the end of February to be eligible to have tree(s) planted for the Spring planting season.  Applications received after the end of February will be added to the next Spring planting season.

There are a limited number of trees are available each year and applicants will be selected based upon the most suitable sites for the species available.  If you have had a tree planted on public property and it has died please contact the Forestry Division to have the old tree removed and a new tree planted.

New Subdivision Tree Planting

In newly constructed subdivisions, the developer or the builder is responsible for street tree planting.  Developers are required to submit a street tree planting plan to Haldimand County for approval.  The selection and placement of the trees in a new subdivision is based on Haldimand County’s specifications for tree planting and there is little room for requests by homeowners for specific trees.

Infill Tree Planting

Haldimand County engages in actively planting new trees on boulevards, in parks and cemeteries throughout the County.  These trees are planted in areas that not managed by any adjacent landowners.

Commemorative Tree Planting

Planting a tree in a public park is a beautiful way to memorialise a loved one or commemorate a significant life event.  Commemorative trees can only be planted in parks and include the installation of a plaque.  Applicants may request a specific park location for their commemorative tree to be reviewed and approved by Haldimand County.

  • Trees are 50mm Wire Basket, 6’-8’ tall, staked, tied, mulched, rodent guard and watering bag included.
  • Plaques are 8” x 6” bronze mounted on light grey granite base. There is space for (3) lines of text a maximum of (22) characters per line.

Applications must be received by the end of February to be eligible to have the tree planted during the Spring planting season.  Applicants received on or after March 1 will be considered for the following year.

If you or County staff notice that the tree has died, or the plaque has been damaged or vandalized it will be replaced as soon as possible.

The Provincial Cemeteries Act prohibits scattering of ashes outside of a registered cemetery.

Attachment 1:  Haldimand County Street Tree List

Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Agrilus planipennis is an emerald green beetle, native to Asia and has been introduced to North America and is causing widespread damage throughout Ontario.   Emerald Ash Borer only attacks true ash trees with White Ash and Green Ash being the most common in Haldimand County.  Mountain-ash and Prickly Ash are not true ash and are unaffected by Emerald Ash Borer.

Signs & Symptoms of Emerald Ash Borer

  • Crown Dieback: severely attacked trees may exhibit crown dieback as the branches die from the top down.  Leaves may wilt or turn yellow during the growing season.
  • Bark Cracks: Vertical splits of 7-10cm are often present over larval galleries.  These are often more noticeable on young trees that do not already have splits from growth-related expansion.
  • Woodpeckers: Woodpeckers feed on the larvae under the bark.  Look for increased Woodpecker feedings or sign of their probing under the bark.
  • Exit holes: Once fully mature, the adult beetles emerge through exit holes they chew through the bark.  These holes are distinctly “D” shaped and are 3.5-4mm across.
  • Tunnels: Winding “S” shaped larval tunnels snake under the bark where the larvae bore channels.  Removing the bark exposes larval sawdust filled galleries.
  • Epicormic shoots: Epicormic shoots grow from the base of the tree or along the trunk when the tree is stressed and can be a symptoms of Emerald Ash Borer.

If you have an ash tree on your private property, contact a Certified Arborist to assess your tree’s health as soon as possible.  If your tree is healthy, insecticides are available that can protect it from Emerald Ash Borer.  If your tree is infested, a tree care professional can remove it before it becomes a hazard to your safety or property.  If you have Ash trees in your Woodlot contact the Facilities and Parks Operations, Project Manager, Forestry to determine if an application is necessary before the trees are removed.

Insecticide treatments can only be administered by tree care professionals and are not available to the general public.  The insecticide is injected into the tree using pressurized canisters.  It must be applied at least every two years, and every year when Emerald Ash Borer infestation pressure is high (many trees nearby are infested).  Insecticide treatments work best if trees are treated before they are infested or when the infestation is at an early stage.  Signs or symptoms of Emerald Ash Borer infestation are often not visible until it’s too late to apply insecticide.

Early Symptoms: Crown Dieback

Adult Beetle

“S” Shaped Larval Galleries

Advanced Symptoms: Epicormic Shoots

Gypsy Moth

Gypsy Moth, Lymantria dispar, is a small brown/gray colour moth that is native to Central/Southern Europe and North Africa.  It was introduced to North America in the mid-1800s with the intention of establishing a commercial silk industry.

The Gypsy Moth larvae (caterpillars) feed on primarily Oak species, however during population booms the larvae will also damage Maple, Alder, Birch, Hawthorn, Beech, Crabapple, Poplar, Cherry, Willow, Basswood and other species.

Gypsy Moth populations follow a boom and bust cycle.  Outbreaks usually last from one to five years and then subside due to starvation, predators and the presence of a naturally occurring soil-borne bacteria called Bacillus thuringiensi (Bt) which infects the larvae.  Populations then remain low from four to twelve years before another outbreak cycle.

During years with low populations the feeding caused by the larvae is barley noticeable and healthy trees that are defoliated are able to grow new leaves and will recover the following year.  Several years of heavy defoliation or defoliation combined with other stressors such as drought, root damage, poor growing conditions can cause too much stress and kill the trees.

Signs & Symptoms of Gypsy Moth

  • Egg Masses: female moths lay egg masses on tree bark, branches or other projected places.  Egg masses are tan coloured and covered in hairs.
  • Defoliation: signs start as small holes in the leaves, but as the larvae continue to grow they will consume the entire leaf.
Gypsy Moth Adult

Control

Haldimand County does not administer an aerial spray program for the control of Gypsy Moth on public or private lands. If you are concerned about Gypsy Moth on your private property, you can contact a Certified Pesticide Exterminator to inspect your trees.

For single trees or small groups tree the installation of sticky bands will catch the caterpillars as they move along the trunk of the trees.  Pheromone traps can also be used to lure and trap male moths, preventing them from mating with female moths are another effective control.

For woodlands or large areas with a significant number of host tree species an aerial spray can be highly effective at reducing Gypsy Moth populations in the local area, but won’t have a significant impact on populations outside of the control area.  The chemical controls for Gypsy Moth are comprised of a bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) already found in the local environment that kills the Gypsy Moth larvae quickly. No control method will ever completely eradicate the entire Gypsy Moth population.

Who do I contact for pruning or removal of a public tree in the right-of-way?

Please contact our Forestry division.  A Certified Arborist will inspect the tree and will provide recommendations regarding any required tree maintenance.  Applicants will be notified with the results of the inspection and if any maintenance will be scheduled for the tree.

How do I know if the tree in front of my house is on public property or private property?

Please contact our Forestry division and staff will inspect the tree to determine if your tree is on public or private property.

Can I trim or remove the public tree in front of my house?

No, only Haldimand County staff and Certified Arborists hired by Haldimand County can perform maintenance on public trees.  If you have a concern with a public tree, please contact our Forestry division.

My neighbour has a private tree that is causing problems for us. Can the County do anything about it?

No, this is a civil matter between yourself and neighbouring parties.

The public tree in front of my house has a bee/wasp/hornet nest in it.  Will the County remove it?

Please contact our Forestry division to request an inspection.  As these insects are beneficial to our ecosystem, staff will determine if the nest threatens public safety and arrange for removal if required.

What do the signs/markings on public trees mean?

A public tree that has been scheduled for removal or pruning by Haldimand County will be marked with green paint.

Other companies such as Hydro One may mark public trees for their maintenance operations.  Also public trees may have the signs moved or vandalized or other marks may be added to the tree, so just because a tree is marked, it doesn’t always mean that Haldimand County will be performing maintenance on the tree.  If you have a specific inquiry about a tree, please contact our Forestry division.

Who do I call to get a public tree inspected?

Please contact our Forestry division.  A Certified Arborist will inspect the tree and will provide recommendations for required tree maintenance.  You will be contacted with the inspection results including any maintenance to be scheduled for the tree.

Do I need a permit to cut trees in my woodland?  Who do I call if I have a concern or question about woodlands being cleared on private property?

Woodlands are regulated by the Forest Conservation By-law and depending on the type of harvest, a Notice of Intent application must be submitted to Haldimand County prior to the removal or clearing of trees.  Please contact our Forestry division for more information or if you see any clearing of  woodlands.

When will the public tree on my boulevard be pruned or removed?

To date, Haldimand County has documented over 18,000 public trees along Haldimand County roads, in parks and cemeteries.  It takes time to complete all of the work required for such a large population of trees.  To ensure that the tree maintenance in Haldimand County is completed efficiently, once a tree has been recommended for maintenance by a Certified Arborist, a work order is generated and the tree maintenance is done on a priority basis that is evaluated based on the condition, location and risk the tree presents to public health and safety.

A public tree was cut down in the boulevard, when will the stump be removed?

Generally, the stump is cleaned up shortly after the tree has been removed.  However, tree removals that are done during the winter season may have the stump removal completed in the early spring once the snow has melted and the ground has thawed.

Why won’t the County cut down the tree in the boulevard?

Trees provide many important benefits for the community.  To maintain these community benefits, only public trees that have been inspected and approved by a Certified Arborist will be removed.

Can I get a tree planted in the boulevard?

Yes!  Haldimand County will plant a tree on the publicly owned boulevard in front or beside your house as long as there is suitable space based on Haldimand County planting standards.

What types of trees will Haldimand County plant on the boulevard and do I get to choose which species of tree will be planted?

Haldimand County has a list of approved street tree species suitable for the challenging growing conditions found in boulevards.  Forestry staff will meet with you at your property to assess the conditions and make recommendations on the best tree for the boulevard.  Tree species that are not suitable will not be planted.  Please contact our Forestry division to request a tree.

Can I plant my own tree on the boulevard?

No, only Haldimand County staff and contractors hired by Haldimand County can plant trees on public boulevards.  You can plant your own tree in front of your house as long as it is planted on your private property.

What if there isn’t space to plant a tree, can I still have one planted on my property?

Haldimand County will only plant trees on public property based on our planting standards.  These standards ensure that the growth of the tree will not affect public safety or other infrastructure.  If there isn’t enough space on the boulevard in front of your house, the tree will be planted at another suitable location on public property.

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